Romanesque Cathedrals In France
There is no consensus for the beginning date of the romanesque style with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 11th century this later date being the most commonly held.
Romanesque cathedrals in france. Architecturally auvergne is often regarded as the first center of romanesque art. Cathedrals have palyed an important role for the people througout history in france. Romanesque architecture expands in france through monasteries. Romanesque romanesque is the name given to the architectural and artistic style current in europe from about the mid 11th century until the advent of gothic.
In central france churches always had ambulatories. Romanesque religious buildings have several particular characteristics of which the roman arch is one. The roman arch is a hemispherical thus the width of the arch at its base is twice its height. A cathedral is not named as such because of its size but is technically defined as a christian church that contains the seat of a bishop.
Examples of the romanesque church or cathedral in south west france. This is reflected in many french cathedrals on which work was begun in the romanesque style but finished often more than a century later in gothic style. Not only were cathedrals a symbol of prosperity and pride but they were also a storage places for a persons important documents magnets for trade and commerce and the spritual center for the dioces. Pilgrimages also contributed to expansion of this style.
Today january 19 2015. Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval europe characterized by semi circular arches. From the 6th to the 10th century majority of churches and abbeys in europe were built using this type of architecture. Many pilgrims passed through france on their way to santiago de compostela.
The romanesque was at its height between 1075 and 1125 in france italy britain and the german lands western architecture. Most spectacular cathedrals of france. Birthplace of the gothic and where the first stone cathedrals were constructed france is a country with well over a hundred cathedrals many of them dating back to the middle ages. The evolution from romanesque to gothic architecture was slow and it was not until the thirteenth century that the last buildings were erected in the romanesque style.
France is home to some of the worlds most spectacular cathedrals. Most buildings built on the basis of romanesque or norman architecture have clear cut forms and almost perfectly regular and symmetrical plans. Burgundy was the center of monastic life in france one of the most important benedictine monasteries of medieval europe was located in cluny. Here are the very best cathedrals in france plenty of which are some of the best examples of gothic architecture in the world.
The church of notre dame la grande in poitiers france.
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